Vital Horse Health Statistics

Knowing your horse’s vital statistics is important to be able to determine when something is wrong.   The following information represents the “normal” statistics for a horse.

Body temperature in adults  99.50 F – 101.50 F.
Pulse rate  33 – 41 / minimum.
Respiratory rate  8 – 14 / minimum.
Heart rate  32 – 44 / minimum.
Color of mucous membrane  Pale roseate.
Age of puberty  15 – 24 months.
Length of 0 estrus cycle  21 days ± 5 days.
Length of 0 estrus  6 days ± 4 days.
Gestation period  336 days ± 5 days (average 340 days)
Breeding life  18 years ± 2 years.
Best breeding season  early spring.